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中国新能源企业的全球机会pdf [复制链接]

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前言


近几年,中国新能源产业的超乎常规发展掩盖了一系列行业结
构性问题。首先是产能过剩,过度乐观的市场预期和政府的大
力扶持使得新能源领域出现蜂拥而上的情况,大举投资致使产
能急剧扩大。其次,由于核心技术的缺失,中国企业处于产业
链低端,国外技术设备不断升级,价格随之上涨,中国企业只
能被动承受,丰厚利润落入国外厂商手中。第三,海外贸易壁
垒对中国新能源产业发展造成冲击。由于产品价格不断下跌,
欧美利用“反倾销和反补贴”调查与制裁设置贸易障碍,以出
口为导向的中国新能源企业陷入困境。
“走出去”是中国新能源企业提升竞争力,转变运营模式,摆
脱当前困境的重要手段之一,通过投资海外项目,可以开发新
市场,规避贸易壁垒,消化过剩产能;同时,收购海外先进企
业,获取其专有技术和研发能力,也是国内企业实现转型和升
级的重要途径。在全球范围,虽然一些国家由于财政紧张而削
减了对新能源产业的补贴,但从整体看,该产业仍处于快速发
展期,无论在发达国家还是发展中国家,新能源发电的装机容
量都在快速提升。在这种情况下。中国新能源企业应加快“走
出去”的步伐,推进产业转型升级,提升在全球市场的影响
力。
“走出去”是方向,然而在“走出去”的过程中,中国新能源
企业面临一系列的重要课题。
首先,找到一条适合自己的全球化发展之路。新能源企业首先
要明确自身的发展需求,这样才能有针对性的制定“走出去”
战略,避免盲目性;同时,应切实进行自身的优劣势分析,以
扬长避短;此外,还应最大限度的利用国家扶植政策和融资支
持。
其次,选择适当的投资区域。中国新能源企业在投资前,应通
过不同渠道对各国的政策法规,电力市场环境,基础设施状况
等情况进行深入调研分析,以选定投资目的地,并根据这些国
家的具体情况制定相应的投资方案。
第三,确定正确的投资方式。新能源属于战略性产业,各国都
很重视。投资方式不当会导致投资项目遭到排斥,难以顺利开
展。对于“初出国门”的企业,合资的形式应被优先考虑。因
为有本地伙伴的协助,企业能够更顺畅在当地进行投资经营活
动。
第四,适应各国有关新能源的政策法规。在全球范围,政府补
贴政策和扶持措施往往决定一个新能源项目盈利与否。在投资
前,企业应对各国新能源产业政策法规进行深入调研,在项目
启动后,也应持续追踪其投资所在国对于新能源产业政策法规
的调整。
第五,应对发达国家的“技术壁垒”。技术专利、标准、资
质、认证等为表现的“技术壁垒”成为中国企业进入海外市场
的重要障碍之一,增加了投资成本。面对这种局面,中国企业
应全面了解世界各国有关产品认证和知识产权保护方面的规
则,学会用法律武器维护自身利益;同时,还应积极参与国际
标准和规则的制定,获得更多的话语权。
第六,联合走出去。中国新能源企业的对外投资处于“点状”
的分散状态,企业之间缺乏协调和配合。“走出去”的新能
源企业应改变单兵作战的状态,组织起来,加强交流与合作,
在“走出去”的过程中形成集体竞争力。
本报告将对上述问题进行深入探讨,希望能为新能源企业及关
心新能源产业发展的人士提供一些有益的信息与分析,并希望
能有机会就本文中所涉及问题进行广泛的讨论。
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NOTES: G Willie Colon (knee), WR Eric Decker (knee), C Nick Mangold (neck), WR Brandon Marshall (ankle, toe),Cheap NFL Jerseys China, S Calvin Pryor (ankle) and WR Devin Smith (foot) all did not practice. TE Kellen Davis (hand), RB Bilal Powell (ankle) and CB Buster Skrine (shoulder, hand) were limited.
Fitzpatrick, who had his season with Houston end a year ago because of a broken leg, said he has never dealt with this sort of injury. He spoke to Arizona quarterback Carson Palmer, his former teammate in Cincinnati,Cheap Jerseys Free Shipping, about playing through torn thumb ligaments. Palmer was hurt during the 2009 season while with the Bengals, but played in every game, leading the Bengals to the playoffs and making the Pro Bowl.
Fitzpatrick also acknowledged he might have to change things while working on one of his favorite pastimes: the Rubik's Cube.
"Yeah, there's a lot of people that can do it one-handed and kind of flick it,Cheap NFL Jerseys," he said. "So I'm going to have to try and learn different techniques."
Coach Todd Bowles announced Wednesday that Fitzpatrick will be under center against the Jacksonville Jaguars after being a full participant at practice despite dealing with a torn ligament in his left thumb.
Smith acknowledged that his shoulder was still a bit sore, but felt fine during practice. He thinks he'll be 100 percent by Sunday, but had a feeling Fitzpatrick would get the start once he saw how the veteran was coming along.

One complication could be trying to hand off exclusively with his right hand, or needing to change how he receives the ball from the center.
Fitzpatrick will "probably" wear the glove during the game against the Jaguars, and added he's "extremely confident" he'll be able to play through the injury the rest of the season.
"As long as he's moving forward with his progress, he'll start," Bowles said.
FLORHAM PARK, N.J. (AP) — It's a thumbs-up on Ryan Fitzpatrick starting Sunday for the New York Jets.
"Relief is a terrible word, but obviously we're praying that Fitz continues to get better," Smith said when asked if he was relieved Fitzpatrick is OK. "But it's not a relief for me. I'm going about my business the same way."
"I don't want to put the team in a position where I'm going to go out and hurt the team or turn the ball over or try to be a hero because something is compromised," Fitzpatrick said. "I want to go out there and help the team,Wholesale NFL Jerseys, so if I can do that without putting me or the team in a compromising position, then I will. And I think I'm going to be able to do that."
Fitzpatrick has started every game this season after assuming the starting job when Smith had his jaw broken by a punch from then-teammate Ikemefuna Enemkpali in August. Smith was expected to be the starter until his injury, and it appeared he might have to fill in for Fitzpatrick — and possibly win his job back.
Bowles acknowledged that there are still some concerns about Fitzpatrick's thumb, which was heavily bandaged with ice in the locker room after practice.
There was some initial fear that neither quarterback would be ready, which meant rookie Bryce Petty or a free agent — Matt Flynn was mentioned by Bowles — could have been pressed into action against the Jaguars.
The right-handed Fitzpatrick wore what he called "a special glove" over his left hand after tearing at least one ligament in his thumb that will require surgery at some point. He was hurt on the first drive of the Jets' 34-20 loss at Oakland last Sunday.
"It'll be a mystery," he said, smiling. "We'll see how it goes."
Geno Smith replaced Fitzpatrick against the Raiders, but bruised his left (non-throwing) shoulder and had to leave the game briefly after taking a hard shot to his abdomen. Smith was also a full participant at practice and will be Fitzpatrick's backup Sunday.
"That was a pleasant surprise," he said.
"Carson actually sent me a text before the game was even over, just saying,Cheap NFL Jerseys, 'Hey, hit me up,'" Fitzpatrick said. "So, we talked a little bit and he went through something similar and so we were able to talk and bounce ideas off each other and all that. He's been a decent asset."
"No limitations today," Fitzpatrick said. "Really, just kind of a trial run to see how it was going to feel and what the best way to do (things) going forward would be in terms of using it or not using it and all that. Today was a pretty positive day in that regard."
"Well, it's painful enough to get me out of changing diapers," said the father of five. "That's been the one positive."
One thing Fitzpatrick said he didn't realize was how little his left thumb is actually involved in taking a snap,Cheap Jerseys From China.
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Two undrafted free agents — linebacker Jayrone Elliott and defensive tackle Mike Pennel —made Green Bay's roster. Elliott had a league-high five sacks in the preseason.
Notable cuts included safety Chris Banjo and wide receivers Myles White and Kevin Dorsey.
The Packers released 18 players and placed four on injured reserve.
The Packers pared their preseason roster by 22 players Saturday.
Teams had until 4 p.m. EDT Saturday to set their initial 53-man roster for the start of the season. Green Bay plays the league's first game Thursday night at the defending Super Bowl champion Seattle Seahawks,Wholesale NFL Jerseys.
Coach Mike McCarthy suggested after the Packers' final preseason game Thursday night that Flynn and Tolzien were worthy of staying with the team.

With a healthy Rodgers on a limited playing schedule this preseason, Flynn and Tolzien had ample opportunities to contend for roster spots. Each of the backups matched Rodgers with three touchdown passes in the preseason.
GREEN BAY, Wis. (AP) — For the first time since 2008, Aaron Rodgers' first year as an NFL starter, the Green Bay Packers plan to go into the season with three quarterbacks on the roster.
Thornton, a third-round draft pick this year, suffered a hamstring injury in Thursday's game. Adams and Palmer,NHL Jerseys Authentic, a sixth-round pick last year who played eight games, sustained knee injuries in the same game.
The Packers went through four starting quarterbacks during a stretch of eight games late in the season in 2013. Tolzien and Flynn, a 2008 Green Bay draft pick who returned to the team in November, were among those who filled in while Rodgers missed seven games because of a collarbone injury.
"I think Matt and Scott have both championed the case to be on our football team," McCarthy said. "I feel very good about their progress from last year through the spring all the way through training camp."
Banjo played every game and made one start last season for the Packers as an undrafted rookie. White also saw game action as an undrafted rookie with the team in 2013. Dorsey, a seventh-round draft pick by Green Bay, missed his entire rookie season last year with a toe injury.
Speedy rookie Jeff Janis, a seventh-round pick who missed the first part of the preseason with shingles,Wholesale Jerseys USA, is one of five receivers the Packers kept.
Going on injured reserve with Stoneburner were defensive tackle Khyri Thornton, linebacker Nate Palmer and offensive tackle Aaron Adams.
Green Bay also released running backs Michael Hill and LaDarius Perkins,Cheap NFL Jerseys China, receiver Alex Gillett,Cheap NFL Jerseys Authentic, tight end Justin Perillo,NFL Jerseys Wholesale, center Garth Gerhart, offensive tackles John Fullington and Jeremy Vujnovich, offensive guard Jordan McCray, defensive end Luther Robinson, defensive tackle Carlos Gray, linebackers Jake Doughty and Adrian Hubbard, safety Tanner Miller, and cornerbacks Jumal Rolle and Ryan White.
Tight end Jake Stoneburner was among the players to go on the injured-reserve list. He appeared in nine games with Green Bay as an undrafted rookie last season.
Holdovers Matt Flynn and Scott Tolzien survived the big roster cutdown to 53 players Saturday after both players had a competitive preseason competition as the backups to Rodgers.
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