发新话题 回复该主题

魏思乐:天然气完全可以满足世界能源的需求 [复制链接]

1#
  本文来自荷兰皇家壳牌石油公司天然气一体化及新能源业务执行董事魏思乐在29日的G20天然气日会议上的演讲。
  
   首先回顾一下两届联合国峰会。这两届峰会具有一个共同的议程:如何在满足所有人能源需求的同时削减温室气体排放。
  
   之后,我会谈谈为了应对这项重大挑战我们所应采取的举措,重点谈一下重要性正在与日俱增的天然气和可再生能源。然后,我会列举三个背景不同的国家 摩洛哥、南非和中国在鼓励使用天然气和可再生能源方面的措施。最后,我会为今天在座的政府和产业界代表建议我认为最好的举措。
  
  UN summits两届联合国峰会
  
   这两届历史性峰会都是在去年召开的。其中之一是在纽约召开的联合国可持续发展峰会。正是在本次峰会上,世界各国元首一致通过了17个可持续发展目标,其中一个目标是确保“为所有人提供经济、可靠、可持续和现代化的能源。”
  
   这一目标的目的是改变地球上每六人中就有一人无电可用的现实。另外,该目标认识到,目前仍有29 亿人仍然依赖木柴或其他生物质进行烹调和采暖,由此导致的空气污染每年造成400 余万人死亡。这是完全不可接受的。
  
   纽约峰会结束几个月后,全球各国首脑再次汇聚巴黎出席联合国气候峰会。峰会上,首脑们达成以下目标:“把全球平均气温控制在比工业革命前高2℃的水平。”
  
   为了达到2℃目标,从现在起到2040 年,与能源有关的温室气体排放量必须每年削减250 亿吨。为了形象地说明这个挑战有多么艰巨,我们可以做一个类比:强制报废掉2.11 亿辆汽车 相当于美国乘用车数量的两倍 只会削减每年10 亿吨的温室气体排放。
  
   Immediate action 立即行动
  
   尽管在达成气候目标、减少污染的同时满足不断增长的全球人口的能源需求是一项十分艰巨的事业,但是,这项事业却并非无可企及。事实上,为了确保全球人口的福祉,我们必须完成。这项事业的成败至关重要。
  
   为了实现这一目标,我们必须实现全球经济转型,尤其是四大温室气体排放行业的转型:电力行业、建筑业、交通运输业及工业。
  
   我们应当在多个领域做出努力。这些努力包括:从提高能源效率到增加政府主导的旨在促进低碳技术和基础设施建设的措施,例如碳捕集及埋存技术。
  
   同时我们必须实行更为严格的排放标准,例如国际海事组织制定的船舶尾气排放标准。另外, 必须显著加大对可再生能源和天然气的投资。
  
  Perfect partners 完美伙伴
  
   未来,可再生能源的重要性将与日俱增。本世纪末,风能和太阳能将满足全球高达40%的一次能源需求,而这一数字在目前只有微不足道的1%。 然而,可再生能源却具有间断不连续的特点。在夜间和无风情况下的能量储存技术要么受到地理条件的限制,要么成本极为高昂。
  
   另外,尽管可再生能源的增加将有利于削减电力行业的排放量,但是应当知道,发电行业的能源消耗量仅占全球能源总消耗量的五分之一弱。为了进一步减少排放,全球经济的其他行业则必须更多地依赖电力。工业、交通运输业和建筑业就是很好的例子。 在某些行业,诸如具有低温工艺和机械作业的服装和食品行业,这种减排是可能实现的。但是,重型货运和钢铁、水泥、塑料和化工等能源密集型产业则很难实现同样的减排效果。
  
   这意味着我们仍然需要其他能源来源。
  
   天然气可以在这个过程中发挥重大作用。天然气资源丰富,与燃煤发电相比,天然气发电过程中的二氧化碳排放量只有一半,空气污染物排放只有十分之一。天然气足以满足世界的能源需求。
  
  Morocco 摩洛哥
  
   非洲发展小组等组织已经认可了天然气和可再生能源的并行发展的伙伴关系。该小组称:“非洲国家已经不必在低碳发展和经济发展之间做二选一的被动选择…为了实现绿色未来,就必须投资天然气和绿色能源。”这正是摩洛哥正在努力的方向。摩洛哥政府已经制定了到2030 年半数发电装机容量来自可再生能源的目标。最近,位于摩洛哥瓦尔扎扎特(Ouarzazate)附近的诺尔(Noor)太阳能电站投入使用,表明该国已经开始采取实际行动。另外,摩洛哥《国家能源战略》特别强调了天然气的重要性。该战略设定了如下目标:到2025 年,该国将新建2,400 兆瓦使用液化天然气(LNG)的天然气电厂。
  
  South Africa 南非
  
   南非能源部部长蒂娜·乔马特-帕特森(Tina Joemat-Pettersson)已经同意推行天然气及可再生能源共同发展策略。上个月,她表示在南非继续发展可再生能源的过程中,“我们需要补充性电力来源。”她强调说:“天然气将成为南非实现低碳未来、提升能源安全的重要手段”。
  
   这并非是空无一物的夸夸其谈。与摩洛哥类似,南非也正在采取一系列切实措施,其中包括建设非洲最大,装机容量达140 兆瓦的Cookhouse 风电场。另外,今年早些时候,位于南非南部海岸的非洲第一座由太阳能供电的机场投入使用。
  
   南非并没有把行动限制在电力行业。南非已有1.4 万辆出租车改用压缩天然气驱动,每辆车的排放量将由此减少大约25%。
  
  China 中国
  
   中国是另一个实行整体式战略,对能源体系内所有领域保持关注的国家。 例如,中国为电力和供暖行业制定了一系列支持政策:包括促进天然气使用以满足峰值电力需求,以及鼓励发展热电联产燃气电厂以取代效率低下的小型燃煤电厂等等。
  
   在交通运输业,中国目前大约有20 万辆液化天然气驱动的重型卡车和大客车,这是欧洲液化天然气卡车数量的130 多倍。为卡车提供供气的有大约2000 座加气站和100 多座小型天然气液化厂。此外,中国还鼓励人们更多使用可再生能源。有效的政策已经为太阳能和风能的蓬勃发展奠定了基础。在过去3 年,风能装机容量实现了翻倍,太阳能装机容量则跃增了12 倍,中国也由此成为全球最大的可再生能源市场。
  
   以下是我的结论。去年,全球各国元首在两届联合国峰会上一致通过的有关能源和气候目标,为整个世界确定了前进的方向。正如大快朵颐大饱口福的盛大节日过后,去办健身卡一样,这些都是有着良好意愿的举动。但是,办健身卡是一件事,能否坚持去健身房锻炼是另一回事。
  
   讨论已经结束,现在是立即采取切实行动的时候了。没有人能够独善其身。有些国家已经采取紧急行动,其能源结构已经呈现煤炭和可再生能源的混合形态,间断式可再生能源由污染最为严重的化石燃料作为备用电源,这反而有可能导致电力行业排放量的增加。在这里,我们看到的是不切实际。今天行动或者拒绝行动将为我们的子孙后代造就截然不同的未来。在决定该未来的过程中,今天在座的政府和天然气行业代表可以通过政治决策和商业投资发挥重大影响。
  
   正如中国古代谚语所言,独木难成林,单弦不成音。更多更为有效的跨行业协作以及天然气行业内的协作正在彰显前所未有的重要性。今天在座的每个人都知道需要做什么。为什么还在等待?让我们立即采取共同的有针对性的实质行动,确保天然气和可再生能源成为全球能源版图中举足轻重的能源种类。
分享 转发
TOP
2#

the body is in a straight line from the shoulder to the ankle muscle flexibility three main parts during exercise, chest (1) push ups are power exercises. appetite reduction training slow recovery training desire see anti Yun high blood lactate level instruments reduce muscle atrophy and even stop increasing fitness fitness and the amount of non important experts suggest that http://www.piyofitness.com/ sports standards http://www.countryheatdvd.com/ should shift shop follow http://www.mnknz.com/ several points: 1. move with. 3.
   static/530513720117711539113'. the upper arm close shift shop beachbody to the body side. http://www.fjallravenbackpack.com/ It is necessary to gradually increase the weight http://www.ftcamp.com/ to increase the flexibility of the muscles and thus to respond to the training. body fat is a parameter to reflect the situation. 16008336 -1 is country heat dvd tantamount to exploit. http://www.cizedanceworkout.com/ Keep this stalemate for 8~10 seconds or a little cize longer, stable 2 seconds. different core de force age groups of women's fitness piyo methods are different?
  
   http://www2s.biglobe.ne.jp/~inari1/cgi-bin/yybbs.cgi
  
   http://www.youmiyigu.com/forum.php?mod=viewthread&tid=2039&pid=11275&page=5&extra=page=1#pid11275
  
   http://www.luxiaodai.com/forum.php?mod=post&action=newthread&fid=60&extra=&topicsubmit=yes
  
   http://www.bhzyxy.net/dxx/Review.asp?NewsID=2743
  
   http://ylw.yeecan.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=208
  
   http://board.dscardip.com/index.php?page=Thread&postID=19326#post19326
  
   http://lab.nqnwebs.com/lavoz_bak/spip.php?article3099/
  
   http://www.wxlyr.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=1580
  
   http://dzx.nclgdx.com/wygkcn_GuestBook.asp
  
   http://www.hswjs.com/GuestBook.asp
  
   http://www.xbhs.cn/E_GuestBook.asp
  
   http://www.eastgbg.se/guestbook/index.php?entry=80844
  
   http://www.hg0088aq.com/plus/feedback.php?aid=2820
  
   http://www.bhzyxy.net/dxx/Review.asp?NewsID=2743
  
   http://www2s.biglobe.ne.jp/lethal/petit/petit.cgi
TOP
3#

Air-dry clay is versatile,realistic love dolls in high hills, as crafters can model, sculpt or throw it.
The most significant feature or advantage of this clay is it can be dried without firing in a kiln. Thus, it is ideal for a whole host of projects for children,love love love doll, students, hobbyists and professionals.
Projects suited for this material include sculptures, decorative items, dolls, ornaments, figurines, buttons, jewelery, toys, and cards or scrap book embellishments, and other creative projects. Crafters use this type of clay as it is versatile, allows for re-working by wetting the surface, and it can easily be air dried at room temperatures. Even those who are using traditional clay will like it as it does not need to be baked in an expensive and energy consuming kiln.
Air-dry clays generally belong to one of four groups. The first group is wood pulp and paper based clays. The second are stone or pumice based clays, the third are polymer based resin clays, and the fourth are cold porcelain clays and homemade clays containing glue, cornstarch and other ingredients. This last group includes air-dry clays, similar in colour to porcelain and finely grained, but not brittle like real porcelain. A number of clays are a hybrid. For instance,a beautiful sex doll, polymer based wood pulp clay gives the best of both types.
Today, there are numerous companies that offer many air-dry clay products with a range of colors, consistency, workability and drying time.
Air-dry clays can also be colored. Since most clays are available in white or off-white and terra cotta colour, they can be colored using pigments mixed into the clay.
How to work with air dry clay
For modelling, a crafter can combine together small pieces of clay, coiling them to create figures,real life sized sex doll, jewelery or pottery. In order to sculpt, crafters can use special tools or their hands to create figurines, doll heads and miniatures. Additionally,hot woman picture, the clay can be thrown and turned on a traditional potter's wheel.
As this clay is easy to work, crafters can use a combination of modelling and sculpting techniques. For example, in order to make a doll's head, a crafter can sculpt the head and model the ears and nose by applying additional pieces of clay. Many types of air-dry clay can also be cast by pouring into reusable moulds.
Other than using a potter's wheel for working with this type of clay,where can i buy this sex doll, a crafter may use several types of hand-held equipment to obtain a perfect shape, such as a knife, a rolling pin, and a chopping board. Many types of clays can also be extruded under pressure through a die.
Tips to decorate clay craft projects
To decorate the project, rubber stamps are a perfect way to impress patterns. These rubber stamps come in a wide range of images,Worth Buying High-Quality Sex Dolls, such as heart shapes, flowers, animals, or quotations, and various patterns or textures. These deep-etched stamps will give a clear impression, as well as add a complementary texture. Additionally, small objects, such as buttons with unusual surface textures,why do you buy a silicone doll i asked my friend, can be impressed to give a unique effect.
The clay will take from one to four days to dry depending upon consistency and thickness. Once dry, the project can be painted, stained, sanded,why you need a sex doll, polished, re-worked, carved, and drilled. It is highly workable,Sexy Dolls In Tight Dress, both before and after the clay has cured. The types of finishing are practically unlimited. However, it cannot take traditional glazes, and most self-hardening clays should not come in contact with food, or be used to make bowls and plates.
Air-dried clays are high-tech products that incorporate the best aspects of the traditional clay products. They are easier, and more durable to use when compared to the traditional or old fashioned clay.
TOP
4#

"There's a lot of things we need to correct and we'll get those corrected,Wholesale Jerseys," Baldwin said.
Benny Cunningham fumbled on a third-and-1 at the Seattle 40,Cheap Football Jerseys, and it appeared Seattle's Earl Thomas had fallen on the loose ball. But officials ruled St. Louis center Tim Barnes had made the recovery and was down by contact before the ball ended up back in Seattle's possession under the pile.
Baldwin finished with eight catches for 118 yards and set a franchise record with his 14th touchdown reception of the season,Supply NFL Jerseys.
St. Louis swept the season series from the Seahawks,mlb jerseys china, having won 34-31 in overtime in Week 1,Wholesale MLB Jerseys, and the Rams received a pair of fortunate bounces to help extend its lead on Todd Gurley's 2-yard TD run with 10:34 left.
TOP
5#

溫馨提醒:外表是一個人的“形象名片”,為了避免風險與遺憾,肉毒桿菌,一定要選擇正規整形醫療機構!北京雅靚作為亞洲整形美容業的一面旗幟,擁有中國、韓國、日本權威專家領銜的專業醫師陣容,憑藉自身雄厚實力被授予“中韓整形美容基地”“中國模特打造基地”&ldquo,石牌通馬桶;中國胸部專業整形醫院”“中國十大整形品牌”“中國高端非手術醫療美容第一品牌”。此外,還與北京首都醫科大學強強合作,該校整形美容學科帶頭人直接在雅靚擔任技術骨幹,並參與國際化醫療美容項目探討和研發,使雅靚成為“首都醫科大學技術合作基地” “北京首都醫科大學科研臨床機構&rdquo,i88打打魚;“北京首都醫科大學乳房整形中心”。正是依托強大的技術資源、抽脂專家資源優勢,雅靚已成功為眾多藝人、明星、模特、白領、學生完成“造美計劃”,成為廣大求美者力荐的醫療美容機構。打鼾 瘦臉 減肥 禿頭 微晶瓷 乾癬 醫學美容 電波拉皮 玻尿酸 自體脂肪 染料雷射 飛梭雷射 肉毒桿菌 雷射除毛 隆乳 自體脂肪移植隆乳 自體脂肪隆胸 自體隆乳 自體脂肪移植 自體脂肪隆乳
相關的文章:

  
  二胎
  水彩
租車
  隆乳
創意蛋糕
  飄眉
台中搬家
  桶裝水
裝潢清潔
TOP
6#

stephen curry jersey
adidas yeezy boost 350
omega watches
converse shoes
burberry canada
air jordan 12
nike free run
jordan shoes
philipp plein outlet
camisetas de fútbol
ysl handbags
christian louboutin shoes
philipp plein
ray ban sunglasses
ugg outlet
ray ban sunglasses cheap
ugg sale
coach factory outlet
barcelona jersey
baseball bats
nike presto
adidas wings
tory burch
mac cosmetics
air jordan 1
jordan shoes
north face outlet online
ralph lauren outlet
prada bags
kd 10
football shirts
saint laurent sunglasses
christian louboutin shoes
adidas flip flops
jordan pas cher
versace sunglasses
stan smith
louboutin shoes
new balance
nike roshe
pandora jewelry
marcelo burlon
christian louboutin shoes
birkenstock sale
maillot de foot pas cher
manchester united jersey
canada goose sale
air jordan
oakley sunglasses cheap
soccer jersey
beats headphones
north face jackets
ugg outlet
tory burch shoes
cristiano ronaldo jersey
valentino shoes
mizuno running shoes
michael kors handbags sale
yeezy 500
prada sunglasses
versace clothing
teva sandals
kobe shoes
cheap jerseys
nfl jerseys wholesale
soccer jerseys
longchamp handbags
jordan shoes
hermes
yeezy shoes
off-white clothing
adidas jeremy scott
canada goose outlet
versace handbags
nobis jackets
camisetas de fútbol
nike factory store
kyrie 2
nike hyperdunk
belstaff jackets
ray ban sunglasses
coach handbags
ugg outlet
skechers shoes
ugg outlet
baby uggs
christian louboutin
columbia outlet
coach outlet store online clearance
ugg shoes
puma slides
pandora jewelry canada
mishka clothing
converse shoes
oakley sunglasses
ralph lauren
nike outlet store
coach handbags
womens ugg boots
ray ban sunglasses
chenlina20181004gvrfvrg
TOP
7#

dansko shoes
moncler outlet
coach factory outlet
nike air max zero
ugg canada
timberland outlet
oakley sunglasses outlet
ugg outlet
fitflops sale clearance
white sox jerseys
louis vuitton handbags
air max 95
ralph lauren sale
michael kors handbags
adidas store
ugg outlet
coach factory outlet
air max shoes
michael kors outlet online
north face jackets
uggs outlet
tory burch handbags
coach factorty outlet store
canada goose
birkenstock uk
uggs outlet
coach factory outlet online
fitflop shoes
nike shoes outlet
coach factory outlet
pandora charms
kobe shoes
air max 90
ugg outlet online
louboutin shoes
red bottom
salomon outlet
kate spade outlet
christian louboutin shoes
coach canada outlet
ugg outlet store
adidas stan smith
pg 2 shoes
louis vuitton outlet
fred perry polo shirts
north face outlet store
polo ralph lauren outlet
nike running shoes
coach outlet online
pandora outlet
red bottom heels
christian louboutin shoes
canada goose sale
ugg outlet
angels jerseys
ralph lauren uk
ralph lauren outlet online
louis vuitton factory outlet
fred perry outlet
ugg boots
adidas nmd r1
mont blanc pens
cheap ray ban sunglasses
coach outlet
coach outlet online
fitflops sale
adidas ultra boost
kate spade outlet online
polo ralph lauren outlet
ugg outlet store
coach outlet online
kate spade bags
air max shoes
kate spade outlet online
mariners jerseys
hermes bag
canada goose
adidas yeezy shoes
dr martens boots
kate spade outlet online
pandora charms outlet
cheap jordans
coach outlet online
canada goose outlet store
fitflops sale
michael kors outlet online
birkenstock outlet online
louis vuitton outlet store
kate spade handbags
cheap ray ban sunglasses
yeezy shoes
kate spade purses
canada goose parka
timberland outlet
coach outlet store
kate spade handbags
nike outlet store
prada shoes
christian louboutin shoes
canada goose coats
clb20181013j
TOP
8#
TOP
9#
TOP
10#
TOP
发新话题 回复该主题

能源知识服务系统

Energy knowledge service system

用户中心

User center

联系我们

Contact us